By Barbara Fischer, Thomas C. Fox
Essentially the most self reliant thinkers in German highbrow historical past, the Enlightenment writer Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729-1781) contributed in decisive and lasting model to literature, philosophy, theology, feedback, and drama idea. As a playwright, Lessing invented a brand new German dramatic style, the bourgeois tragedy or bürgerliches Trauerspiel, and wrote one of many first winning German tragedies, Miß Sara Sampson, in addition to one of many most interesting German comedies, Minna von Barnhelm. In his ultimate dramatic masterpiece, Nathan der Weise (Nathan the clever, 1779), he writes of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, of non secular tolerance and intolerance and the conflict of civilizations. Lessing's dramas are the oldest German theater items nonetheless played on a regular basis on German and overseas phases. either his performs and his drama idea have prompted such writers as Goethe, Schiller, Hebbel, Hauptmann, Ibsen, Strindberg, Schnitzler, and Brecht. Addressing an viewers starting from graduate scholars to pro students, this quantity introduces Lessing's lifestyles and instances and locations him in the broader context of the ecu Enlightenment. It discusses his pathbreaking dramas, his both progressive theoretical, serious, and aesthetic writings, his unique fables, his leading edge paintings in philosophy and theology, and his major contributions to Jewish emancipation. the quantity concludes by means of reading the reception of Lessing and his oeuvre in Nazi Germany, within the former East and West Germanys, and in modern severe idea. participants: Barbara Fischer, Thomas C. Fox, Steven D. Martinson, Klaus L. Berghahn, John Pizer, Beate Allert, H. B. Nisbet, Arno Schilson, Willi Goetschel, Peter Höyng, Karin A. Wurst, Ann Schmiesing, Reinhart Meyer, Hans-Joachim Kertscher, Hinrich C. Seeba, Dieter Fratzke, Helmut Berthold, Herbert Rowland. Barbara Fischer is affiliate professor of German and Thomas C. Fox is professor of German, either on the collage of Alabama.
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Some of the most autonomous thinkers in German highbrow heritage, the Enlightenment writer Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729-1781) contributed in decisive and lasting style to literature, philosophy, theology, feedback, and drama thought. As a playwright, Lessing invented a brand new German dramatic style, the bourgeois tragedy or bürgerliches Trauerspiel, and wrote one of many first winning German tragedies, Miß Sara Sampson, in addition to one of many best German comedies, Minna von Barnhelm.
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Additional info for A Companion to the Works of Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (Studies in German Literature Linguistics and Culture)
In his personal life, Lessing early expressed his preference for the theater, the café, the pub, and the gaming table over the scholar’s study. ”4 Lessing’s theology also affected his literary work. Although hardly unusual in his view that literature should serve a social purpose and improve morals, Lessing again differed from the rationalists in that he did not think this possible by reason alone; he sometimes called the stage his pulpit. Finally, Lessing’s sympathies lay with the weakest or with those who could not speak for themselves.
In 1777 their son Traugott was born, but the infant died on 25 December, having lived only one day. Lessing, who rarely displayed personal emotions in his correspondence, wrote his close friend, the Braunschweig literary historian Johann Joachim Eschenburg (1743–1820), tersely on 31 December: “Ich wollte es auch einmal so gut haben, wie andere Menschen. ”49 On 10 January 1778 the death of Eva Lessing followed, who never recovered from the complications of the birth. These later years in Wolfenbüttel brought upheaval not only to Lessing’s life, but also to his thought.
His writing was printed, staged, and read; he became widely known and feared for his sharp criticism. He made such new acquaintances as the poet and later director of the Berlin National Theater, Karl Wilhelm Ramler, and the publisher Christian Friedrich Voss, who, after the death of his father-in-law, inherited the Berlinische, later called the Vossische Zeitung (Voss’s Newspaper). In 1754 Lessing began to develop friendships with Moses Mendelssohn and Friedrich Nicolai, who would later become leading representatives of the Berlin Enlightenment.
A Companion to the Works of Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (Studies in German Literature Linguistics and Culture) by Barbara Fischer, Thomas C. Fox