By Brousseau, Anne-Marie; Lefebvre, Claire
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Fongbe
There are two markers used to negate in the language: one is a marker of negation; the other is a negative marker which belongs in one of the two paradigms of markers expressing the point of view of the speaker on the proposition. Finally, the lexical item w£ 'it is' has various functions in the structure of the clause. With respect to clause structures (discussed in chapter 7), Fongbe offers three copular(-like) constructions: predicative and equative structures, locative structures and existential structures.
Except for a few details, the data presented here are also consistent with Wiesemann (1991), who presents an analysis of tonal changes in which intonational features are superimposed on the tonal system. 32 2. Overview of the phonology 10. 11. There is a sole exception to this: the yes-no question marker ä (see chapter 6), which bears a LH tone but is not preceded by any consonant. A reasonable explanation for this exception is that the marker once was a CV form, with an initial voiced consonant.
Fongbe has only few double object verbs. In spite of the small range of verbs participating in it, the double object construction presents quite an interesting set of facts, which are discussed in chapter 14. First, the Fongbe double object construction exhibits two surface word orders: goal/theme and theme/goal. Semantic tests show that the two word orders do not involve a difference in meaning. Second, with both word orders, the construction in Fongbe manifests the same theme/goal asymmetries as the double object construction in English, as shown by the tests developed by Barss— Lasnik (1986).
A Grammar of Fongbe by Brousseau, Anne-Marie; Lefebvre, Claire