Download e-book for kindle: Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations: Evolutionary by James S.F. (Stuart) Barker (auth.), Julius van der Werf,

By James S.F. (Stuart) Barker (auth.), Julius van der Werf, Hans-Ulrich Graser, Richard Frankham, Cedric Gondro (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1402090048

ISBN-13: 9781402090042

ISBN-10: 1402090056

ISBN-13: 9781402090059

Fitness and edition are basic features of plant and animal species, allowing them to outlive of their surroundings and to conform to the inevitable alterations during this surroundings. this is often real for either the genetic assets of average ecosystems in addition to these utilized in agricultural production.

Extensive genetic edition exists among varieties/breeds in a species and among participants inside of breeds. this modification has constructed over very lengthy classes of time. an enormous ongoing problem is the way to top make the most of this alteration to fulfill non permanent calls for while additionally retaining it for longer-term attainable use.

Many animal breeding courses have ended in elevated functionality for construction features yet this has usually been observed by means of diminished health. furthermore, the worldwide use of genetic assets activates the query even if brought genotypes are tailored to neighborhood creation platforms. realizing the genetic nature of health and edition will permit us to raised deal with genetic assets permitting us to make effective and sustainable judgements for the advance or breeding of those resources.

This ebook had an formidable objective in bringing jointly a pattern of the world’s major scientists in animal breeding and evolutionary genetics to interchange wisdom to strengthen our figuring out of those important issues.

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Additional resources for Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations: Evolutionary and Breeding Perspectives on Genetic Resource Management

Sample text

Drosophila bristles and the nature of quantitative genetic variation. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 360: 1513–1527. J. M. 2005. Genetics and genomics of Drosophila mating behavior. Proc. Natl Acad. A 102 Suppl. 1: 6622–6629. Maki-Tanila, A. 1982. D. thesis. The Validity of the Heritability Concept in Quantitative Genetics. University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. N. 2006. Small but not forgotten. Heredity 96: 1–2. J. 1964. Evidence of selection for the snorter dwarf gene in cattle. J.

Wilson et al. (2006) found that of 11 chromosome III QTL loci involved in selection responses for longevity, all except 1 were found in more than one of 5 replicate populations, implying that most alleles were not rare. Analyses of 31 mouse intercrosses indicate that QTL alleles affecting obesity were generally rare, with 56% QTL being found in only one of the 31 studies (frequency < 3%) and the most common QTL being only detected in seven studies (23% frequency) (Snyder et al. 2004). However, these studies are subject to detection biases.

2001. Wholegenome effects of ethyl methanesulfonate-induced mutation on nine quantitative traits in outbred Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 157: 1257–1265. H. 1980. Long-term selection for quantitative characters in large replicate populations of Drosophila melanogaster. II. Lethals and visible mutants with large effects. Genet. Res. 35: 19–31. -S. G. 2005. Genetic variability under mutation selection balance. Trends Ecol. Evol. 20: 468–470. , Economopoulos, A. and Mazomenos, B. 1982. Selection at the alcohol dehydrogenase locus of the olive fruit fly Dacus oleae under artificial rearing.

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Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations: Evolutionary and Breeding Perspectives on Genetic Resource Management by James S.F. (Stuart) Barker (auth.), Julius van der Werf, Hans-Ulrich Graser, Richard Frankham, Cedric Gondro (eds.)


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