By Karin Pittner, Daniela Elsner, Fabian Barteld
Adverbs as a observe classification are notoriously tough to outline. the amount offers with the delimitation of this classification, its inner constitution, the morphological makeup of adverbs and their positions in syntactic buildings. a more in-depth examine diachronic advancements sheds mild at the features of adverbial word-formation. making an allowance for adverbs in German, English, Dutch, French and Italian, the contributions to this quantity offer new insights into the features of this heterogeneous and multi-faceted classification and should be of curiosity to linguists operating within the fields of morphology, syntax and language swap.
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Additional info for Adverbs: Functional and diachronic aspects
The situation is completely different with the syntactic distributional categories of words. Their purpose is to identify and describe sets of words that may occupy the same positions in the structures of the sentences of a language. Hence their category structure cannot be the prototypical one. e. these categories must have a classical or ‘Aristotelian’ category structure. The question that should now be answered is concerned with the status of adverbs. What kind of category do they form and how is this determined?
Words that share such shapes and meanings are categorized as particular parts of speech. It should be noted, though, that it is not the case that all the words belonging to a particular part of speech exhibit the properties listed for that part of speech as a whole. The descriptions by Dionysius state rather that some words share some of the properties but not others. Thus, for example, stone and horse are described as ‘concrete’ and ‘common’, but not ‘abstract’ or ‘proper’, Socrates and Plato as ‘concrete’ and ‘proper’, and education is described as ‘abstract’ and ‘common’.
A Grammar of Contemporary English. London: Longman. Quirk, Randolph, Greenbaum, Sidney, Leech, Geoffrey & Svartvik, Jan. 1985. A Comprehensive Grammar of English. London: Longman. Ramat, Paolo & Davide Ricca. 1994. Prototypical adverbs: On the scalarity/radiality of the notion ADVERB. Revista di Linguistica 6: 289–326. Rauh, Gisa. 1999. Adverb oder Präposition? Von der Notwendigkeit einer Abgrenzung von Wortarten und grammatischen Kategorien und der Gefahr einer terminologiscen Falle. In Florilegium Linguisticum: Festschrift für Wolfgang P.
Adverbs: Functional and diachronic aspects by Karin Pittner, Daniela Elsner, Fabian Barteld