By Dr. Victor G. Daniels BSc, PhD, MB, BChir, Dip. Pharm. Med. (auth.)
Within eighteen months of the training of the 1st variation a lot has occurred within the AIDS box. The quantity affected are nonetheless increas at an alarming cost - those at the moment are (at December 1986) virtually ing 30000 circumstances within the usa and over six hundred instances within the uk. around the world the AIDS pandemic is a such a lot critical ailment possibility and now impacts over eighty nations. it truly is anticipated that for each AIDS sufferer there are approximately 50 different people contaminated with the AIDS virus. AIDS threatens each kingdom and each society. the most pre ventative measures of wellbeing and fitness schooling to avoid the unfold of AIDS needs to be taken by means of thousands of people helped via governments and voluntary firms. what's transparent is that AIDS and AIDS similar stipulations could be with us, in our hospitals and in our com munities for a few years to come back. it's been good tested that the agent that factors AIDS is a virulent disease referred to as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). humans can trap HIV via sexual touch or via contaminated blood from contaminated needles and syringes, from contaminated mom to unborn baby, or therapy with infected blood or blood products.
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Additional info for AIDS: The Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
The presence of AIDS in central Africa is of considerable interest since it is in this area that Kaposi's sarcoma is endemic. The highest incidence in the world is found in Zaire where Kaposi's sarcoma accounts for almost 13% of all malignant cancers. It has been hypothesized that the high incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma in central Africa (particularly in Zaire) indicates that AIDS also originated in this region. The general lack of medical facilities and the presence of many other endemic infections could allow an immune deficiency disease not to be detected.
Nitrite inhalants were implicated as a possible cause of AIDS for the following reasons. (l) Nitrites are known mutagens and may have a role in the aetiology of Kaposi's sarcoma. (2) Nitrites were thought to be immunotoxic and produce immune deficiency. (3) On epidemiological grounds since the use of nitrite inhalants has been rare outside homosexual populations. Some studies had suggested a positive connection between nitrite abuse and the risk of AIDS. However the results of case-controlled studies have indicated that nitrites are no longer regarded as a major factor in the cause of AIDS.
However the results of case-controlled studies have indicated that nitrites are no longer regarded as a major factor in the cause of AIDS. Furthermore the nitrites have been shown to be non-immunotoxic in animals. However their role as a co-factor in this syndrome has not been ruled out. A second hypothesis suggested that the basic immune defect in AIDS results from 'antigenic overload'. This is based on the findings that among homosexuals receptive (rather than insertive) anal inter- 40 AIDS course represented a significant risk factor.
AIDS: The Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome by Dr. Victor G. Daniels BSc, PhD, MB, BChir, Dip. Pharm. Med. (auth.)