By Sanjib Kumar Panda, František Baluška
This booklet is an summary of our present figuring out of aluminium toxicity and tolerance in vegetation. It covers all proper elements from molecular and mobile biology, to genetic methods, root biology and plant body structure. The contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to assuaging aluminium toxicity can be mentioned. Over forty% of overall agricultural land assets are acidic in nature, with aluminium being the most important toxicant. Plant roots are rather vulnerable to aluminium tension, yet a lot of the complicated mechanism underlying its toxicity and tolerance is unknown and aluminium tension notion in vegetation continues to be poorly understood. the various aspects of aluminium tension edition lined during this publication are appropriate to plant biology scholars in any respect degrees, in addition researchers and it presents a worthy contribution to our figuring out of plant model to the altering environment.
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Additional info for Aluminum Stress Adaptation in Plants
F. Ma Al from sensitive region (Larsen et al. 2005). ALS1, a homolog of rice OsALS1, is a tonoplast-localized ABC transporter in Arabidopsis (Larsen et al. 2007). It may be involved in internal detoxification of Al by sequestering Al into the vacuoles like rice OsALS1 (Larsen et al. 2007; Huang et al. 2012). Recently, genes involved in xyloglucan metabolism in the cell wall are also reported to be involved in Al tolerance in Arabidopsis (Fig. 1; Zhu et al. 2012, 2014). For example, knockout of XTH31 resulted in an increased Al tolerance (Zhu et al.
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1; Zhu et al. 2012, 2014). For example, knockout of XTH31 resulted in an increased Al tolerance (Zhu et al. 2012). XTH31 probably encodes xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolases (XTHs), which cleaves and rejoins hemicellulosic xyloglucan polymers during cell expansion. It seems that reduction of production of cleaved xyloglucans in the cell wall increases Al tolerance. 2 Transcription Factors for Al Tolerance Several transcription factors controlling Al tolerance have been reported. STOP1 (Sensitive to proton rhizotoxicity 1), a C2H2-type zinc finger transcription factor, was identified from an Arabidopsis mutant sensitive to low pH and Al (Fig.
Aluminum Stress Adaptation in Plants by Sanjib Kumar Panda, František Baluška