Get Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic PDF

By C. W. A. Whitaker

ISBN-10: 0198236190

ISBN-13: 9780198236191

De Interpretatione is between Aristotle's so much influential and commonly learn writings; C. W. A. Whitaker offers the 1st systematic learn of this paintings, and provides a thorough new view of its goals, its constitution, and its position in Arisotle's procedure. He indicates that De Interpretatione isn't really a disjointed essay on unwell- attached topics, as typically notion, yet a hugely equipped and systematic treatise on common sense, argument, and dialectic.

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Extra info for Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Example text

In order to form an utterance which is true or false, it would be necessary to make a claim about the goat-stag, such as 'the goat-stag exists,' rather than just mention it. 31 We may compare what is said in chapter 10 about the formation of the most basic affirmation and negation. There can be no assertion without a verb, and the most basic consists of a name with 'is' or 'is not' added (i9bi2-i9). Aristotle explains his comment that simple thoughts and utterances do not possess truth value by saying that 'truth and falsehood are to do with combination and division* (i6ai2fc).

We are told that we use words instead of things, and that there is a boundless number of things, all of which may be signified by words (SE i65%-~i3). These things will include items of every sort. Even 'goat-stag' signifies something, he points out (i6ai6£). Since 'goat-stag' is a significant word, and not a mere jumble of meaningless syllables, there must be a thing to correspond to it. The thing in this case is a fabulous one and not a real one, but it is a thing for all that. Whatever its nature, however, one restriction must inevitably hold of any 'thing' which can be signified by language.

Chapter i: Significant Utterances 21 onymous adverbs, 'first' (nganajg or xQfinav). The first of these is an emendation proposed by Minio-Paluello,22 It would have the consequence of making the sentence read 'the first things of which these [that is, the utterances] are signs, namely the affections in the soul, are the same for everyone, as are the things of which these are likenesses,' This reading would, in other words, exclude the interpretations of Kretzmann and Belardi, and leave only that of Ammonius as possible.

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Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic by C. W. A. Whitaker

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